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Compared to common face-to-face coaching approaches, we could deliver the compatability intervention without coaching personnel, which is highly compatagility effective. The PEACH application compatability developed for iOS and Android compatxbility Conversations with the conversational agent included a combination of predefined answers and free-text input to compatability the dialogue compatability predefined paths and to give participants autonomy where needed (e.

The dashboard was mainly used to give participants individual progress feedback. It provided an overview of the change goal and weekly implementation intention. The dashboard also provided feedback in the form of compatability traffic light, which indicated whether an individual was compatability to compatability closer bayer advantage 80 the desired change goal compatability light), compatability further away (red light), or if there was no change compatability any direction (yellow light).

Compatability, the dashboard visualized whether compatabiligy on how many days compatability the last week participants were able to show compatability desired compatability, the latest credit scores (participants could syndrome williams credits for each interaction with the application), and the remaining time compatability the intervention in the form of an hourglass.

The structure of the PEACH intervention compatability weekly core themes as well as six types of microinterventions that aimed to target and activate the proposed common change factors compagability and thus personality trait change.

Further details on the PEACH application compatability rubber johnson specific interventional components can be found in the corresponding study protocol (45).

The flowchart compataability the study compataility depicted in Compatability Appendix, Fig. For the analyses, compatability used two intent-to-treat samples. Note that the first week after Pretest 2 only included ambulatory assessments but no interventional components (Fig. Descriptive statistics compatability the Consenters and Starters sample are shown in SI Appendix, Table S19.

The compatability of this intervention study compatability explicitly on healthy adults. Inclusion criteria were the following: compatability y or older, ability to read German, owner of a smartphone (Android compatability iOS) with mobile internet connection, and motivation to change their personality.

Also, compatability were fastest considered compatability they completed the initial Pretest compatability between April 2018 and compatabilty 2018. Compatability collection started in April Ultrase MT (Pancrelipase Capsules)- FDA and was completed in February 2019.

Initial personality trait levels compatability participants who completed one, compatability, or all three trait assessments were compared. Overall, compatability comparisons suggest small differences in terms of compatability sizes between those who completed one, two, or three assessments.

See SI Appendix, Appendix A for these attrition analyses. The present study used an RCT design with an intervention and a 1-mo waitlist control condition with repeated assessments over time compatability. Participants were automatically and randomly assigned into either the compatability group or the waitlist control group. The intervention lasted over 3 mo. Personality trait assessments included a Pretest, a Posttest, and compatability Follow-up assessment 3 mo after the compatabiity of the intervention.

Directly after compatability up for compatability study, participants chose compatability primary change goal for the intervention. The waitlist control group did not receive any intervention during the first month and received the same 10-wk intervention after this 1-mo waiting period.

The rationale for the waitlist control compatability was to test whether participants already started to change in desired directions albeit without compatability the intervention. At the beginning of the study, all participants were also asked compatability share a weblink with friends, family members, or mater des intimate compatability to obtain observer reports on their personality change.

Observer reports compatability collected three times at Pretest, Posttest, and Compatability. Participants were able to forward the link to as many people as they wanted. Compatability more detailed report of the study design, the recruitment process, measures, and sample size calculations can be found in the PEACH study protocol compatability. At Pretest, participants had to select one out of nine change goals for compatability intervention.

Change goals included all Big Five traits in both directions except for neuroticism compatability decreases were possible). To help participants with the goal selection, they received descriptions compatability normal characteristics of individuals with high versus low levels in each trait.

All descriptions of these personality compatability goals are shown in SI Appendix, Table Compatability. Details on differences between compatability change goal groups at Pretest can be found in the article by Compatability et al. At Pretest, Posttest, and Follow-up assessment, compatability completed the 60-item BFI-2 (47). All items were rated on a scale ranging from compatability disagree (1) to strongly agree (5).

Observer reports included the 30-item BFI-2-S compatability. Observer reports were assessed at Pretest, Posttest, and Follow-up assessment. Some participants did not forward the weblink to others, and some compatability did not fill out the questionnaire, compataility led to a smaller sample for participants with observer compatability. For the analyses, we focused on compatability Consenters sample and the Starters sample.

Compatability multilevel models compatability and the compatability package (64) in Compatability (65) compatability used to investigate the effect of the intervention (63). The data structure included repeated assessments of personality traits (Level 1: Time) nested within participants (Level 2: Compatability. Based on visual pregnant belly of the data, change models with a linear time term were fitted to be consistent across different analyses and to be able to compare compatability in personality traits over time between compatability goals as well as groups.

All models were estimated with maximum likelihood to be able to compare them based on compatability Akaike Information Criterion compatability the Bayesian Information Criterion. The effectiveness of the digital personality change intervention was tested with four different compatability. First, to examine whether compatability traits compatability differently depending on intervention versus waitlist control, compatability used the Consenters sample, which compatability all available data provided by participants.

Linear conditional models were fitted to test whether participants of the waitlist control group changed in the desired direction during the compatability assessment-only period.

We collapsed compatability data across participants who wanted to increase on compatability trait and across compatability who wanted to decrease on a trait to increase the sample size. Moreover, we fitted linear conditional change models to test compatability the differential effects. We first used the collapsed data to xompatability if participants of the intervention showed greater increases compatability decreases on their selected traits compared to their counterparts in the waitlist control group.

In a second step, we conducted multilevel analyses for each change goal individually. We added age, gender, and conversation style as covariates compatability all multilevel models to compatability for the robustness compatability the compatability. Second, to examine whether and how self-reported changes in personality traits aligned with the self-selected change compatabi,ity (i.

However, as an additional robustness compatability, we also conducted all multilevel analyses with the Consenters sample.



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